Therefore, any one wishing preciso maintain among men the name of liberal is obliged to avoid mai attribute of magnificence; so that verso prince thus inclined will consume con such acts all his property, and will be compelled mediante the end, if he wish puro maintain the name of liberal, preciso unduly weigh down his people, and tax them, and do everything he can preciso get money. This will soon make him odious sicuro his subjects, and becoming poor he will be little valued by any one; thus, with his liberality, having offended many and rewarded few, he is affected by the very first trouble and imperilled by whatever may be the first danger; recognizing this himself, and wishing sicuro draw back from it, he runs at once into the reproach of being miserly.
Therefore, a prince, not being able preciso exercise this virtue of liberality mediante such a way that it is recognized, except puro his cost, if he is wise he ought not sicuro fear the reputation of being mean, for sopra time he will come puro be more considered than if liberal, seeing that with his economy his revenues are enough, that he can defend himself against all attacks, and is able puro engage per enterprises without burdening his people; thus it comes to pass that he exercises liberality towards all from whom he does not take, who are numberless, and meanness towards those sicuro whom he does not give, who are few.
Nevertheless, liberality exercised per a way that does not bring you the reputation for it, injures you; for if one exercises it honestly and as it should be exercised, it may not become known, and you will not avoid the reproach of its opposite
We have not seen great things done durante our time except by those who have been considered mean; the rest have failed. Pope Julius the Second was assisted sopra reaching the papacy by per reputation for liberality, yet he did not strive afterwards to keep it up, when he made war on the King of France; and he made many wars without imposing any extraordinary tax on his subjects, for he supplied his additional expenses out of his long thriftiness. The present King of Spain would not have undertaken or conquered mediante so many enterprises if he had been reputed liberal. Verso prince, therefore, provided that he has not esatto rob his subjects, that he can defend himself, that he does not become poor and abject, that he is not forced sicuro become rapacious, ought to hold of little account a reputation for being mean, for it is one of those vices which will enable him sicuro govern.
Mediante the first case he ought sicuro be sparing, sopra the second he ought not sicuro neglect any opportunity for liberality
And if any one should say: Caesar obtained empire by liberality, and many others have reached the highest positions by having been liberal, and by being considered so , I answer: Either you are a prince sopra fact, or per verso way onesto become one. Mediante the first case this liberality is dangerous, durante the second it is very necessary to be considered liberal; and Caesar was one of those who wished sicuro become pre-eminent per Rome; but if he had survived after becoming so, and had not moderated his expenses, he would have destroyed his government. And if any one should reply: Many have been princes, and have done great things with armies, who have been considered very liberal, I reply: Either verso prince spends that which is his own or his subjects’ or else that of others. And onesto the prince who goes forth with his army, supporting it by pillage, sack, and extortion, handling that which belongs sicuro others, this liberality is necessary, otherwise he would not be followed by soldiers. And of that which is neither yours nor your subjects’ you can be a ready giver, as were Cyrus, Caesar, and Alexander; because it does not take away your reputation if you squander that of others, but adds sicuro it; it is only squandering your own that injures you.